World Osteoporosis Day – Let’s Talk About Bones
World Osteoporosis Day is witnessed every year on 20th of October. Organized by the International Osteoporosis Foundation, the event is based on a year-long campaign launched and dedicated to raising global awareness about osteoporosis. The aim draws focus on the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of osteoporosis and metabolic bone disease.
It was launched in 1996 (October 20th), by the United Kingdom, it got a huge support from the European Commission. Since then an awareness day takes place every year to spread about the problems of people suffering from Osteoporosis.
On this World Osteoporosis Day, let us all join hands to make things better.
What is Osteoporosis?
Osteoporosis is a condition where bones of a human body become weak. It generally means porous bones. It occurs when the bones of the body go weaker with age. While working, our bone tissue constantly gets repaired and replaces old and damaged bones. As we age, our bones break down faster than they repair, so fractures and pain are common if the body gets injured via fall or some extensive force. And the person may suffer from osteoporosis or metabolic bone disease.
Osteoporosis mainly occurs due to a decrease in the bone density and when the body stops produces the required amount of bone it should.
“The problem can affect both males and females, but it mostly affects the women after the menopause. It happens because of the sudden decrease in estrogen, which is usually the hormone that normally protects against osteoporosis.”
Symptoms are hard to notice at the early stages. Either there are no symptoms or some average outward signs. A person may realize its onset after going through a minor injury like slipping on the floor or even through coughing or sneezing.
Some Unavoidable Factors
- Eating disorders, tobacco smoking, and alcohol intake are some of the lifestyle choices that may lead to Osteoporosis.
- When a person shows too much of inactivity and immobility, it may be responsible for pulling a trigger.
- Our diet may also be responsible for the problem. When we don’t intake a proper amount of nutrients and minerals like calcium, magnesium, and vitamin D, our body may get affected with several bone problems.
Preventing the Cause
- Proper intake of calcium and vitamins (Especially D) is known for making the bones stronger. On one hand, calcium is essential for bones, on the other, Vitamin D helps the body to absorb the calcium.
- Adults between the ages of 18 to 30 are supposed to take 1100 mg of calcium (A day). Foods like milk, cheese, yogurt, broccoli, fortified breakfast cereals tuna, and tinned salmon are responsible sources of calcium.
- Limiting Alcohol and quitting smoking can also help in reducing the onset of the problem.
- A regular or moderate sun exposure along with fish and fortified foods are a good source of vitamin D.
Facts and Figures
- Osteoporosis is responsible for causing more than 8.9 million fractures annually. The data results in an osteoporotic fracture every 3 seconds.
- An estimated 75 million people in Europe, USA and Japan are affected by Osteoporosis.
- The incident of hip fracture in men is projected to increase by 311% and in women by 240% by 2050, compared to rates in 1990 (Worldwide).
- 1 in every 3 women worldwide above the age of 50 will experience osteoporotic fractures, and the same goes with 1 in every 5 men aged over 50.
- The presence of lower BMD confers to the increased risk of fracture. The most no. of fractures occurs in postmenopausal women and elderly men at very moderate risk.
- Other than spreading the word around, it is our duty to donate and doing events that inform us about the risk of fractures.
- You can also register on www.worldsteoporosis.org and tell the world about the steps you’re taking as a responsible citizen.
- Indulge in activities, marches and with masses telling people about the problem.
It’s our beautiful world and only we can save it from getting broken.