World Heart Day – Save Yours!

World Heart Day Awareness Month

World Heart Day – Save Yours!

With increasing pollution, population and problems, the world is dealing with diseases which are not only increasing with passing time but are also chronic with respect to humanity. And heart diseases are one of those problems killing the course of humans.

Heart diseases are most common and one of the leading causes of death around the world. Your heartbeat is the most precious gift of life and if you don’t take a proper route to care, then you may face trouble keeping it.

At this ‘World Heart Day’, let’s take a pledge of saving the heart and don’t leave the most beautiful thing called ‘LIFE’ too far.

Life has become fast and hard with increasing pressure and advanced workforce. Here, you have to make sure that your both personal and professional life doesn’t take a hit by it and fall prey to a chronic heart disease.

 

Types of Heart Diseases

Heart diseases are the leading cause of death among all human life. One needs to understand that there’s much more than just heart attack. There are many with their own symptoms and causes along with treatment.

 

Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)

One of the most common heart diseases, CAD may cause a blockage in your coronary arteries resulting in a decreasing blood flow. It is caused due to atherosclerosis, a condition causing hardening of arteries due to damage or plaque deposits containing cholesterol. The disease can cause chest pain leading to a heart attack.

 

Congenital Heart Disease

It refers to the deformities of a heart that have been present since birth. For e.g. Septal defects, Obstruction defects and Cyanotic heart disease.

 

Arrhythmia

Arrhythmia causes irregular beating of the heart. It can be caused due to various heart problems. The heart loses its regular rhythm mainly due to issues like Tachycardia, Bradycardia, fibrillation, abnormal beats and premature ventricular contractions.

 

Heart Failure

When your heart works more than it should according to the usual condition of the body, it can cause heart failure. The heart doesn’t pump blood as it should and requires treatment as soon as possible. It can be caused due to CAD, Cardiomyopathy, heart muscle disease and various other conditions.

 

Heart Valve Diseases

With four valves that open to direct blood flow, the heart works in order to pump a proper amount of blood. Any damage severe or little can cause the problem in closing and opening of valves. Various heart valve diseases include pericardial disease, Cardiomyopathy, Endocarditis and Rheumatic heart disease.

 

Causes

Heart diseases are mainly caused due to damage to parts of heart, coronary arteries poor supply of oxygen and nutrients. Some heart problems can also occur due to family history or heart disease.

There are many other lifestyle choices that lead to chronic heart problems:

  • Genetic and Family History

  • High Cholesterol

  • Hypertension

  • Stress

  • Unlimited Smoking & Drinking

  • Diabetes

  • The growing age along with regular junk food and the environment that you live in can also cause it.

  • Staying for regular intervals of time such as sitting during work hours can also trigger the process.

 

Some Related Facts and Figures

  • 17.7 million People died globally because of heart problems in 2015 alone.

  • 610,000 people die every year in the United States due to cardiovascular diseases.

  • CAD is the most common heart problem responsible for killing 370,000 people annually in the USA.

  • In India, out of total no. of deaths recorded in between 2005-2016, 53% were due to heart diseases. It killed 1.7 million Indians in 2016.

  • More than three-quarters of deaths because of heart problems take place in low- and middle-income countries.

 

Treatment & Medications

Many cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) can be treated with medicines. If you don’t get the desired result, then surgery is also an option.

  • Medication such as statin is used for lowering cholesterol.

  • Aspirin, clopidogrel, and warfarin prevent blood clots.

  • Beta-blockers treat high blood pressure, heart attack and also heart failure.

  • Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors are also an option for heart failure and high blood pressure.

  • A person can also require heart surgery if the problem becomes severe over time.

 

Prevention

  • A healthy lifestyle with regular exercise and a proper and timely diet can lead you away from CVDs.

  • Reduce the intake of alcohol and quit smoking.

  • Reduce the intake of sugar, maintain a healthy body weight and try to remain as calm as possible to refrain from causing stress.

 

So, it’s your heart, your body, and your lifestyle. You can live it the way you like but what would be life if you have to live it with problems all over. You can’t stop every problem but you can certainly take some important steps to live healthy to make sure that your heart remains lively, younger and awesome for longer.



SAVE YOUR HEART’

References:

www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/cardiovascular-diseases-(cvds)

www.cdc.gov/heartdisease/facts.htm

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