Ovarian cancer is a cancer that forms in or on an ovary. It concludes in aberrant cells that have the strength to invade and spread to other parts of the body. When this process starts, there may be no or only ambiguous symptoms. Symptoms become more apparent as the cancer progresses. These symptoms may comprise bloating, pelvic pain, abdominal swelling and loss of appetite, among others. Common areas to which the cancer may spread include the lining of the abdomen, lymph nodes, lungs, and liver.
WHAT ARE THE EARLY SYMPTOMS OF OVARIAN CANCER
- Abdominal bloating, pressure, and pain
- Abnormal fullness after eating
- Difficulty eating
- An increase in urination
- An increased urge to urinate
TYPES OF OVARIAN CANCER
- Epithelial tumors form in the layer of tissue on the outside of the ovaries.
- Stromal tumors grow in the hormone-producing cells. Seven percent of ovarian cancers are stromal tumors.
- Germ cell tumors develop in the egg-producing cells. Germ cell tumors are rare.
RISK FACTORS FROM OVARIAN CANCER
- A family history of ovarian cancer.
- Genetic mutations of genes associated with ovarian cancer.
- The use of certain fertility drugs or hormone therapies.
- No history of pregnancy.
WHAT ARE THE STAGES OF OVARIAN CANCER?
Stage 1 ovarian cancer has three sub-stages:
- The cancer is finite, to one ovary in stage 1A.
- The cancer spreads to both ovaries in stage 1B.
- In stage 1C, there are also cancer cells on the outside of the ovary.
In stage 2, the tumor advances to other pelvic structures.
In stage 3, the cancer has spread beyond the pelvis to the lining of the abdomen and the lymph nodes in the abdomen.
In stage 4, the tumor has percolate, or spread, beyond the pelvis, abdomen, and lymph nodes to the liver or lungs.
SUGGESTION FOR BALANCED DIET
- Dairy products, like cheeses and milk
- Sauces, dressings, and other high-calorie condiments
- Butter and oil for cooking
- Nuts, for snacking and to add to dishes
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