About Kidney and Kidney Diseases Medication
The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs located at the bottom of the rib cage. They are mainly responsible for filtering waste products, excess water, and other impurities out of the blood. The kidneys even activate a form of vitamin D that helps the body absorb calcium. Each kidney is made up of millions of tiny filters called nephrons. Over time, nephrons can become damaged by diabetes, high blood pressure, or other causes and stop working, a condition called chronic kidney disease(CKD).
Medicines to treat Symptoms and Complications of CKD
- Medicines may be used to treat symptoms and complications of chronic kidney disease. These medicines include:
- Erythropoietin therapy and iron replacement therapy (iron pills) for anemia.
- Medicines for electrolyte imbalances.
- Diuretics to treat fluid buildup caused by chronic kidney disease.
- ACE inhibitors and ARBs. These may be used if you have protein in your urine or have heart failure. Regular blood tests are required to make sure that these drugs don't raise potassium levels or make kidney function worse.
Medicines used during Dialysis
- Both erythropoietin (rhEPO) therapy and iron replacement therapy may also be used during dialysis to treat anemia, which often develops in advanced chronic kidney disease.
- Erythropoietin (rhEPO) stimulates the production of new red blood cells and may decrease the need for blood transfusions. This therapy may also be started before dialysis is needed, when anemia is severe and causing symptoms. Dialysis is a treatment that filters and purifies the blood using a machine.
- Iron therapy can help increase levels of iron in the body when rhEPO therapy alone is not effective.
- Vitamin D helps keep bones strong and healthy.